Valentina Grumezescu, Alina Maria Holban, Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu*, Gabriel Socol, Anton Ficai, Bogdan Stefan Vasile, Roxana Trusca, Coralia Bleotu, Veronica Lazar, Carmen Mariana Chifiriuc, George Dan Mogosanu: Usnic acid loaded biocompatible magnetic PLGA-PVA microspheres thin films fabricated by MAPLE with increased resistance to staphylococcal colonization, Biofabrication, 6, 035002, 2014.
Due to their persistence and resistance to the current therapeutic approaches, Staphylococcus aureus biofilm-associated infections represent a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the hospital environment. Since (+)-usnic acid (UA), a secondary lichen metabolite, possesses antimicrobial activity against Gram-positive cocci, including S. aureus, the aim of this study was to load magnetic polylactic-co-glycolic acid-polyvinyl alcohol (PLGA-PVA) microspheres with UA, then to obtain thin coatings using matrix-assisted pulsed laser evaporation and to quantitatively assess the capacity of the bio-nano-active modified surface to control biofilm formation by S. aureus, using a culture-based assay. The UA-loaded microspheres inhibited both the initial attachment of S. aureus to the coated surfaces, as well as the development of mature biofilms. In vitro bioevalution tests performed on the fabricated thin films revealed great biocompatibility, which may endorse them as competitive candidates for the development of improved non-toxic surfaces resistant to S. aureus colonization and as scaffolds for stem cell cultivation and tissue engineering.