Crina Saviuc, Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu, Coralia Bleotu, Alina Holban, Carmen Chifiriuc, Paul Balaure, Veronica Lazar: Phenotipical studies for raw and nanosystem embedded Eugenia carryophyllata buds essential oil effect on Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus strains. Biointerface Research in Applied Chemistry, 1(3):111, 2011.
Considering the large number of the multiresistant bacterial strains and the increasing need in new antimicrobial formulation, the aim of this study was to evaluate the antipathogenic effect of E. caryophyllata essential oil on collection and recently isolated clinical strains of P. aeruginosa and S. aureus. Experimental assays were carried out by in vitro and in vivo tests. Qualitative and quantitative assessment of the antimicrobial activity was followed by the analysis of the essential oil influence on enzymatic soluble virulence factors expression. The cytotoxic effect of the vegetal extract was quantified by using HeLa cells. Nanosystem embedded essential oil was used to establish the in vivo antipathogenic effect on mice. Qualitative screening results revealed an early microbicidal effect quantified by low minimum inhibitory concentration values. The in vivo study showed a stabiliziation of the essential oil biological activities when using nanosystem embedding, that could be used for the design of proper formulations for delivery systems with antimicrobial effect.